Johann Gregorius Höroldt

Johann Gregorius Höroldt (1696-1775) is regarded as having pioneered European porcelain painting and is primarily famed for his exquisite chinoiseries. These portray East Asia as a terrestrial paradise - a notion that held sway in 18th-century Europe – by means of stylised plant and animal ornament and scenes from Asian life. Höroldt combined such exotic elements with European motifs from the late Baroque to unique effect. With time, however, he emancipated Meissen porcelain painting from these East Asian prototypes by devising a great number and variety of painted patterns tailored to domestic tastes. His most telling contribution to the Manufactory nevertheless remains the core palette of 16 thermally stable overglaze paints he developed; without them, painting on porcelain would have been inconceivable.